Category Archives: Women’s Rights

காதலர்களுக்கு அச்சுறுத்தல்

மகள் காதல் திருமணம் செய்ததால் சமூக நெருக்கடியினாலோ அல்லது கலாச்சார மதிப்பீட்டின் காரணமாகவோ தவறான புரிதலின் அடிப்படையில் ஒரு குடும்பம் தற்கொலை செய்து கொண்டுள்ளது. இது மிகவும் வேதனைக்குறிய விஷயமே.

இந்த கொடுமை நடந்ததற்கு நாம் அந்தப் பென்ணையோ அல்லது அந்தக் குடும்பத்தையோ குறை சொல்வதை விட காதல் திருமணத்திற்கு எதிராக இருக்கும் கலாச்சார மதிப்பீடுகள், சாதீய மதிப்பீடுகளைத்தான் களைய வேண்டியிருக்கிறது.

ஆனால் இச்சம்பவத்தை ஒட்டி அந்தப் பெண்ணுக்கு திருமணம் செய்து வைத்த உறவினரை காவல்துறை கைது செய்திருப்பது கண்டனத்திற்குரியது. அதுவும் மன உளைச்சல் ஏற்படுத்தி தற்கொலைக்கு தூண்டியதாக வழக்கு பதிவு செய்யப்பட்டுள்ளது. இது அநீதி.

தங்களுக்கு சிக்கல் வாராத வகையிலும், வயது காரணங்களால் (major) வழக்கு தள்ளுபடியாகமலும் இருக்க இது ஒரு புது உத்தியாக இருக்கிறது. தற்கொலைக்கு தூண்டுதல் என்பது ஒரு வலுவான வழக்காகும்.

இதன் மூலம் காதலர்களுக்கு ஆதரவற்ற சூழலையும், காதலர்களுக்கு உதவி புரிபவர்களை அச்சுறுத்துவதுமான முயற்சி இது.

ஒருவேளை இக்காதலர்கள் காவல்துறையில் தஞ்சமடைந்து, காவல்துறையினர் திருமணம் செய்து வைத்து இப்படி நடந்திருந்தால், காவல்துறையினரை இப்படி கைது செய்திருப்பார்களா?

என்னவிதமான அடக்குமுறை இது?

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my interview in Daily Thanthi

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nirmala kotravai

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அறம் செய விரும்பு – a Social movement by Vikatan

Nirmala Kotravai

Nirmala Kotravai

‘அறம் செய விரும்பு’ திட்டம் பற்றி அறிய…

இந்தத் திட்டத்தின் செயல்பாடுகள் அவ்வப்போது ஆனந்த விகடனிலும், இதற்கான பிரத்யேக வலைதளம் மூலமும் பகிரப்படும்.

திட்டம் தொடர்பான தகவல்களை

www.vikatan.com/aramseyavirumbu  என்ற வலைதளத்தின் மூலம் அறிந்துகொள்ளலாம். இந்தத் திட்டம் மூலம் உதவ விரும்புபவர்கள் / உதவி வேண்டுபவர்கள்aram@vikatan.com என்ற மின்னஞ்சல் முகவரிக்குத் தொடர்புகொள்ளலாம்!

– விகடன் டீம்,

source: http://www.vikatan.com/news/article.php?aid=51865&spl=102

தந்தை பெயர் இல்லாமலே – புதிய தலைமுறை

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Tamil writer Jeyamohan rubbishes women colleagues, reveals wider misogyny

The novelist said last week that many female writers got recognition not because they had talent but because they were women, eliciting cogent and concerted protest from his target.
Tamil writer B Jeyamohan’s disparaging remarks about his women colleagues, posted on his website earlier this month, exposes a strain of misogyny in the literary world of this ancient language, one that springs from a fear of strong female voices.Jeyamohan wrote on his popular website on June 9 that many female Tamil novelists and poets lacked literary merit but had gained prominence and won awards because “they had employed many publicity gimmicks and had attracted media attention and popularity”.

He was evidently reacting to a list of significant contemporary Tamil litterateurs, compiled by senior writer Naanjil Naadan and published in  the Tamil weekly magazine Ananda Vikatan , in which 11 of the 27 novelists and poets named were women.

“The male writer has to prove his literary merit to join such lists; the female writer gains prominence simply by being a woman,“ he wrote. “[In a growing] feminist culture many are afraid of speaking the truth that may be anti-women for fear of earning their ire.“

His comments did indeed evoke ire, but from women and men alike, with about a hundred writers and activists signing a statement published online on June 18, protesting against what they said was “blatant misogyny“. The protest was spearheaded by veteran Tamil writer Ambai, who founded the Mumbai-based organisation SPARROW (Sound and Picture Archives for Research on Women), which documents the work of female writers and artistes.

Taken aback by the backlash, Jeyamohan issued an apparent apology on his website the following day. “If only they read my works they would understand my feminist principles,“ he wrote, initially sounding conciliatory, only to later describe the signatories as a “gaggle of foul-mouthed female protesters“.

These protestors include women from a range of communities – Dalit, Muslim and working-class – whose works have provided unique insights into Tamil society and alternative worldviews from the subaltern trenches of the 21st century.

Over the past decade powerful female voices have emerged in the Tamil literary world. Bama, the nom de plume of Faustina Mary Fatima Rani, whose maiden novel, Karukku (Palmyra Leaves), a Dalit feminist work, won her several awards in 2000, has a considerable following.

Another voice is Kutti Revathi, a poet and lyricist who has won several national awards. Her novel Muligal (Breasts) drew criticism from male Tamil writers, who said she had sexed up her writing. She said she was looking at the female anatomy as a living entity, not as a commodity.

Among poets, Salma’s name comes to mind. Her transformation from a housewife in rural Tamil Nadu living a closeted life to a daring poet in the public eye became the subject of a documentary that was applauded at the Sundance Film Festival, perhaps the world’s top forum for independent films, held every January in Utah in the US. She has become a celebrated author and an inspiration to many.

“Jeyamohan is not being merely patronising; he is obliterating their contribution,” said Pritham K Chakravarthy, a Chennai-based translator. “He called female writers sparrow-heads (meaning bird-brained). This is obnoxious.”

Said poet and novelist Meena Kandasamy, “It is rude and arrogant. I find it difficult to engage with the world of such Tamil male novelists.”

This is not the first time Jeyamohan has found his female colleagues wanting. In his popular and widely read website, he has time and again described late R Chudamani and Kamala Das “as lacking in literary merit”.

Stray voices, however, found merit in Jeyamohan’s criticism and supported his right to express his views. Among them was K Arivazhagan, who writes under the name Charu Nivedita and who, paradoxically, is himself known for transgressive novels that contain sexually explicit passages and dwell on subjects that were once taboo. Without a trace of irony he accused female Tamil poets of getting easy media coverage because they threw in a few lines describing “details of the body and genitalia”.

“If Jeyamohan is doing this as a publicity stunt, he should face the music,” he began by saying in his blog, only to add: ”Instead of rising to the challenge thrown by Jeyamohan to prove their literary prowess intellectually, they [the women writers] are resorting to protests and demanding apologies.”

Meena Kandaswamy reacted with disgust. “It shows their [male writers’] immaturity and discomfort to engage,” she said.

Jeyamohan’s comments are not, unfortunately, out of place in the world of modern Tamil literature. Although this world has remained vibrant from pre-Independence to today, breaking new ground and capturing emerging realities, it has been dominated by male voices and viewpoints.

Surprisingly, however, many male writers have adopted women’s names as pseudonyms, often names of their mothers or wives. For example, Kalki Krishnamurthi adopted his wife’s name Kalyani; S Rangarajan wrote under the name Sujatha; Subha, the author of Tamil pulp fiction, is the pen name of the duo D Suresh and AN Balakrishnan; JR Sundaresan, a comic novelist, went by the name Bagyyam Ramaswamy; Sri Venugopalan wrote spiritual articles under his own name but his racy and raunchy stories under the name Pushpa Thangadurai; and Charu Nivedita is the nom de plume for K Arivazhagan, the writer who appeared to support Jeyamohan.

The list is long and the trend may call for analysis, but it does not, clearly, reflect a deeper change in the status quo.

Source: http://scroll.in/article/668281/Tamil-writer-Jeyamohan-rubbishes-women-colleagues,-reveals-wider-misogyny

அச்சம் தவிர் அறிவு கொள்

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How Much Do You Know About “Women’s Lib”?

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During my years as an undergraduate at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, I took as many classes as I could in their well-reputed women’s studies department.

When I was required to take a sociology class, I took “The Foundations of Feminism.” For my philosophy requirement, I chose “Philosophy of Feminism.” A literature class focused on works by women exposed me to Toni Morrison, Erica Jong and Ann Petry, among others. So I have always considered myself well-grounded in the history of women’s liberation and its major players.

 

Nevertheless, when I saw Jennifer Lee’s documentary Feminist: Stories of Women’s Liberation at a recent screening hosted by the Los Angeles chapter of Women, Action, and the Media (WAM!), I was amazed by how much I didn’t know.

 

The film deals with the feminism of the 1960s—usually referred to then as the Women’s Liberation Movement, or, somewhat disparagingly, as Women’s Lib—from the origins of the Second Wave as part of the Civil Rights movement to Betty Friedan’s groundbreaking The Feminine Mystique to the protests at the 1967 Miss America pageant. Despite my studies, I had never heard of the Redstockings, a group whose name derives from a combination of bluestocking, a term for “intellectual woman,” and “red” for the revolutionary left. The Redstockings were critical of the National Organization for Women for focusing on institutional reform at the expense of male-female relationships, of radical feminists for advocating a separatist women’s culture and of socialist feminists for focusing too much on class.

I was also unfamiliar with WITCHes—sometimes the acronym of Women’s International Terrorist Conspiracy from Hell, sometimes standing for Women Inspired to Tell Their Collective History, sometimes meaning Women Interested in Toppling Consumerist Holidays, as well as any number of other meanings. The WITCHes represented the kind of socialist feminism to which the Redstockings were opposed; nonetheless, like the Redstockings they were known for staging street theater protests against capitalism, for reproductive rights and against patriarchal constructions of marriage.

Filmmaker Lee does an excellent job of covering disagreements within the movement. She discusses the major criticisms of The Feminist Mystique, which, like Lean In, primarily applied to white women of privilege. I also learned that Friedan and some other early Second Wave leaders were desperate not to have their movement associated with lesbianism and gay rights—something that is thankfully not the case today.

Lee took nine years to finish the film, which contains interviews with Friedan, Rep. Eleanor Holmes Norton (the Washington, D.C. delegate to Congress), Aileen Hernandez (the only woman to serve on the first Equal Employment Opportunity Commission), Kathie Sarachild (a leader in the consciousness-raising movement and Redstockings member), Frances M. Beal (cofounder of the Black Women’s Liberation Committee of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee) and more. The film also offers footage and still photos of major feminist events of the period. Lee created the documentary in bits and pieces while working full-time as a feature film editor and raising a child. Her primary motivation was to document the amazing women who worked so hard to ensure the freedoms that her daughter and other young women might otherwise take for granted. Lee told me she believes that knowledge of our feminist past can transform our perception of our feminist present: I was a young teenager during the Women’s Liberation Movement, so I knew as I went through life that I had this powerful sisterhood of feminists in back of me. I may not have known their names, but it was a vibrant movement that told me that if something sexist happened to me, I had women to help me and to pick me up if I got knocked down. And that’s something worth remembering. From the legislative successes to the social successes, that’s something that needs to be remembered by girls and women and boys and men. If we know that positive things happened that we’re all living with today, I think that will begin to change the shape of the word feminist.

Whether you think you know everything there is to know about the women’s movement or have yet to look into the history of our feminist forebears, Feminist: Stories from Women’s Liberation is well worth a watch. Feminist: Stories from Women’s Liberation will be screened on December 5 at the AMC Loews Village 7 in New York City at 7:30pm.

The film is available for public as well as classroom screenings.

Source: http://msmagazine.com/blog/2013/12/03/how-much-do-you-know-about-womens-lib/