Tag Archives: Capitalism

Economics for Children [Lessons based on Marx’s ‘Capital’] – Ranganayakamma

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Children must receive scientific facts also. Science is a knowledge which elucidates the real matters, with proofs, regarding the nature that we exist in and the society that we live in.

One need not learn all the aspects of science related to Nature. Every person need not thoroughly learn the medical sciences. It would suffice if they are familiar with the routine hygiene principles to practice on a daily basis. When ailments descend on people, the clinicians will take care of the diseases. Every person need not have the medical knowledge as much as clinicians do. This also applies to the other natural sciences.

However, this is not the case with the science that teaches us regarding the society, that we live in. We are human beings, not animals. The animals are born and are dead the same way as they were born. They do not need any mind of science or knowledge. The human being, however, must know about human relations. The Economic science explains relations among humans and their ways of living. This is the science that portrays the lives of yesterday, today and tomorrow.

Every person must be aware of this knowledge.

– Ranganayakamma, Economics for Children [Lessons based on Marx’s ‘Capital’] now available for sale.

For purchasing this book contact:

B.R. Bapuji, Sweet Home Publications, Hyderabad. ph: 99482838, email: brbapuji@gmail.com

472 Pages just at Rs. 150/- with illustrations and questions and answers at the end of each chapter. A very useful book for learning Economics…

– Ranganayakamma, Economics for Children [Lessons based on Marx’s ‘Capital’] now available for sale.

For purchasing this book contact:

B.R. Bapuji, Sweet Home Publications, Hyderabad. ph: 99482838, email: brbapuji@gmail.com

for each book: 150 + registered postal charges 25

The relevance of Kawasi Hidme’s unheard story by Sushmita Verma (Art by Sushmita) – ‘Colours of the Cage’

Being an adivasi, a woman and being born in a region desired by greedy multi national companies does not serve one well. That is the story of Hidme and many more like her in the regions of Bastar, Chattisgarh. Kawasi Hidme was a young girl, full of energy from Borguda village in Sukma, Bastar region. She helped her widowed aunt till a small piece of land. The rice grown was just enough for them and Hidme would, during the season, sell Mahua in the local market. Like every girl of her age, she would be excited about the occasional fairs from where she can buy colourful bangles and other items which were otherwise not available in the local market.

In January 2008 just after harvest, as in previous years, a fair was organised in Ramram, the nearby village. Kawasi accompanied her aunt and her other cousin sisters to the fair and to buy ribbons andchoodis. There she joined a group of other tribals who were dancing and singing. Having danced vigorously, she soon became thirsty and approached the nearby hand-pump for water. But as soon as she held the pump, someone very forcefully grabbed her. She looked up angrily and was shocked to see Police personnel. They had surrounded her and began dragging her by her hair towards their vehicle parked outside the fair. With hands and feet tied, she was thrown on the floor of the truck and driven to the Police station.

IMG_20150425_020702This was just the beginning- the start of the atrocities that were to be perpetrated on Kawasi Hidme for the subsequent seven years or so. As the staff at one police station would satisfy themselves, she would be sent to another. Repeated torture resulted in a death like situation for her. The policemen however, got apprehensive that she might die in the station itself. That would be a major problem. Her detention had to be formalised and she had to be sent to prison. This was not something uncommon for this area- adivasi girls like Hidme were detained and tortured for months on end and would ultimately be falsely charged under draconian laws such as the Chattisgarh Public Security Act, UAPA, etc.

However before sending her to the prison, the formality of producing her before the court remained. Kawasi’s condition was such that she had to be admitted to the hospital. It was only after a few days that she was produced before the local Magistrate. The Police had conveniently accused her of an offence that related to the murder of 23 CRPF personnel and the Magistrate remanded her to the Jagdalpur prison. On reaching the prison, the excessive physical and possibly sexual torture ultimately paid its toll and her body suddenly ejected her uterus. She bled profously. Horribly scared, she somehow attempted and suceeded in putting her flesh back into her body.

IMG_20150425_021009Till then, she couldn’t share her experience with anyone, but now in prison she would be comfortable to talk to the other Gondi speaking women inmates. The next day as her uterus was again thrown out of her body, Kawasi decided to cut it off. She asked an inmate for a blade and when all the girls had gone out of the barrack, she sought to operate herself so as to end the pain. As she was about to act, a girl entered the barrack and screamed on seeing the bleeding Hidme. The other women inmates gathered. The blade was taken away from her and the jailor was called, who sent her to the city civil hospital for treatment. After a surgical operation at the hospital she was brought back into jail.

In court, the fabricated case against Kawasi was not progressing. The Police had mentioned two women and two policemen as witnesses. The two women never came to depose before the court and the two policemen denied having any information about her involvement. The evidence put up was itself suspicious at face value. The offence in which Kawasi was alleged to be involved, took place on the 9th September 2007. Statements of police personnels (with ‘remarkable memories’) were recorded on 5thDecember 2007, mentioning names of around 50 Naxalites supposedly calling out to each other. This list did not contain Kawasi Hidme’s name. However after 15th December 2007 when the police personnels added a few more names, her name suddenly appeared in newly recorded statements. And finally in court they denied her involvemnet.

Soni Sori, an adivasi teacher, was also in prison during this period and could interact with Kawasi. Soni Sori had undergone a similar treatment in police custody. She was administered electric shocks and stones were inserted in her private parts. After her release Soni Sori had informed human rights activists about Hidme’s condition who in turn, with sympathetic lawyers, started raising their voices for Kawasi. One such lawyer argued before the Court that as all the witnesses were complete, orders to release Hidme should be given. The judge replied that since she had already spent seven years in jail, there should not be a problem in spending a couple of months more! So Hidme stayed incarcerated for many more subsequent months. Finally in late March 2015, as none of the charges against her could be proved the Court ordered her release.

On the date of her release, Soni Sori and her nephew, Linga Kodopi went to receive her from Jagdalpur jail. When Linga took her back to her village, her friends failed to identify her and as she called out to each one of them, they started weeping. Though she was now free, her body was almost completely wasted. She had undergone multiple operations for gallstones. And each operation resulted in further exhaution. The mental injury is almost beyond repair. She regularly faces depression and sudden mood swings. On the other hand, the IG of Bastar, Kalloori has planned to fabricate Kawasi in a further case as she continues to speak of her violations and join Soni Sori in their fight against these injustices

This is not just the story of Kawasi Hidme, but rather the story of thousands of Adivasi women and men incarcerated for longest years of youth and vitality.The hard question we need to ask here is, who is going to compensate for their lost years? In the absence of legal aid, the torture these young women and men have undergone are never proved . The even more shocking part is that we do not hear such stories in the mainstream media. Soni Sori was one of the few women whose voice did reach mainstream media, the reasons being her own courage and the extent of gruesome torture she underwent. Though among aware citizens, it is not unknown that the Police frame adivasis and vulnerable people in regions like Bastar in false cases by branding them as naxals, but serious documentation on it especially when it comes to women still remains minimalistic. But all this fades in the midst of the footage that mainstream media devotes to coverage of the IPL, paid-news reports or events that do not concern us. This has created an illusion in the minds of our youth that a good life means a good job and abundant money with no concern for society at large. The few courageous women who decide to stand up against the mighty and powerful state apparatus face hostility at every step of their work. Recently when Soni tried to help Bhima Madkam, a local injured in a police firing, from Madenar village in Bastar to file a complaint, the police started harassing and threatening her saying that they will send her back to the jail by getting her bail order cancelled by the Court on grounds that she is ‘instigating people against the State’.

Apart from investigatng the case and arresting people, the police in these areas also assume the role of delivering justice. The growing impunity they enjoy is disturbing. The power that comes from holding the gun with absolutely no accountability is indulging. They assume the role of the overarching patriarchal figure who under the pretext of ‘protecting’ society, extracts ‘small’ (sexual or otherwise) favours, ‘teaches’ the accused a lesson and gets away easily unnoticed. Unless we broaden the discourse and dialogue on these issues, there is faint hope that anything is going to change for the better.

Hidme’s question keeps haunting us: “I was never involved in any Maoist activity… What was my fault?” We, as concerned citizens, have to decide if we are prepared for more such questions or are we going to stand up and challenge these injustices?

(Note : Support for the facts related to Kawasi Hidme’s case has been taken from Jagdalpur Legal Aid group’s lawyer, also a large part has been translated from information available in Hindi on activist Himanshu Kumar’s facebook page. The relevance of Kawasi’s story in our lives is becoming more important than ever before, hence I chose to talk about her story. All views expressed are mine)

source: https://.wordpress.com/2015/05/03/the-relevance-of-kawasi-hidmes-unheard-story-by-sushmita-verma-art-by-sushmita/

77 year old man shows Porn films to three children and raped them

Daily Thanthi, a tamil daily reports a news about a 77 year old man who showed Porn films to 3 children and raped them. He is sentenced to 3 life imprisonments and 10,000 Rs. fine along with each imprisonment by Women Court under IPC 366 (A). Each imprisonment subjects to 10 years. The other IPCs charged against him are section 342, 376, 506(2).

V. Somasundaram (77) resides in Vannarappettai and runs a tailor shop.  He has allegedly been setting a voyeuristic look at 3 (female) children at the age of 9,12 & 10. He send them to buy tea for him and took them inside his house. Played porn films to them. When the children objected to his molestations, he tied their hands and legs and raped them. He had threatened the children not to say that to anybody and would kill their family members in such instance. But one of the victim child reported this to her mother. Following this a complaint was launched in Royapuram Women’s Police Station and cases were filled against him and during the judicial enquiry he was sentenced with above punishement.

What does the above act convey to us?

Can we hold the Films, media, porn sites also responsible for this?


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Is it not Shameful to survive over Women’s Body

New Delhi: Advertisement for a new skin whitening product for private parts has sparked outrage on the Internet with people blasting the commercial as an “ultimate insult to women.” This is the latest in a long list of skin whitening products to have earned the wrath of women including a wide range of fairness creams.

The television commercial for the “intimate” product promises its “special pH-balanced formula cleans and protects the affected area, and even makes the skin fairer.” Fairness products are regularly endorsed by film stars and celebrities in India despite protests from feminists that they promote insecurity and discrimination amongst women.

Magazines and advertising agencies have taken the flak for heavily using photo editing software on pictures of models endorsing such products to make them look fairer than they are in real life. The obsession with fair skin is often linked to a woman’s marital prospects.

Outrage over fairness product for private parts

Advertisements for these products almost always show a woman seeking a man’s approval after having her skin lightened with the help of the products.

“Ok this is the ultimate insult. Skin whitening for your vagina,” Rupa Subramanya, a writer with the Economics Journal for Wall Street Journal, India tweeted. User Neha who tweets as @ThePunjew said: “What a bummer, there’s no shade card yet to monitor fairness progress!”

“Geebus H! If you thought the fair skin fad wasn’t messed up enough already, presenting the next level,” said comic writer Sahil Rizwan.

Filmmaker Vic Sarin was recently in India to shoot parts of his latest documentary project, tentatively titled Hues that touches upon the issue of skin colour and racism. In an interview to The New Indian Express Sarin said: “We are all hypocrites when it comes to the skin colour.” People fight against skin colour bias, but they go back home and stock up on fairness creams, he said.

Several recent products have taken the fairness cream debate forward with deodorants for underarms and skin lightening for men. Many prominent male celebrities endorse these products. Cricketer Virat Kohli who endorses a fairness cream told the Times of India, “I signed on because even though I don’t necessarily use fairness creams myself, a lot of men do, and it has a strong mass appeal. Of course it’s not girly to look after yourself.”


“This is an absolute piece of shit. This advertisement re-iterates that Women is merely a sexual product.”

Source: http://ibnlive.in.com/news/outrage-over-fairness-product-for-private-parts/246059-3.html

Mobile phone based report for Community Radio from Idinthakarai

Mobile phone based report for Community Radio from Idinthakarai, Kudankulam
MARCH 22, 2012
tags: anti-nuclear protest, community radio, Kudankulam,Udayakumar
by ponni

Recording of a report by Sundari from Idinthakarai, the village in Kudankulam where many are on fast unto death and 15000 people have gathered in protest of the Nucelar Plant. Sundari is a long time local activist in the region who has been part of the struggle against the Nuclear plant.

Police have cracked down on the village and there is now a complete blockade. Journalists are not being allowed at all. This is an effort to get news out regularly. This recording has been made possible by the efforts of activists who work with enabling reporting for community radio through mobile phones. These broadcast and others that will follow, will be sent to community radio networks within Tamilnadu and around the country. Please spread the news. A translation is available below.

Sundari reports from Idinthakarai here.

I am calling from Idinthakarai. Can I speak now?

My name is Sundari. I am from Idinthakarai. We have been in a protest against the Nuclear Plant since the past 219 days. Till now, we have not caused any nuisance to the government or the public. We are holding a Peaceful Protest. The Chief Minister told us that she will stand by the people. When Manmohan Singh declared that he will open the nuclear plant, she said that the wishes o the local people is what matters to her. She closed the plant saying it is against the wishes of the people. Now suddenly, in a completely unexpected manner, has brought it the paramilitary and police. We are being tortured as much as the people in Sri Lanka must have been. There is no water. They have stopped the electricity connection to our village. Even milk packets have not been allowed in for the children. They are not allowing any journalists inside. They are not allowing anyone from the nearby villages to come in. No one is being allowed out of the village. All forms of transport have been stopped, including buses. Any people who come to help us are being arrested immediately. They sent the police and told us to ask Udayakumar to surrender. They are forcing us to make him surrender. They are threatening us with harm and say they can do what they want and there is nothing we can do about it. Here we are, women, children, pregnant women- we are all here. Around 15000 of us have gathered here. This is not an individual struggle of Udayakumar. This is a struggle that all of us people here, who live here, are fighting for our soil, our ocean and our livelihood. This struggle is for that. Now why the state pretending like this individual person is has fought this struggle. That is a huge crime. We are all in this struggle together. How can they isolate him like this? We cannot have Udayakumar surrender. We have said, brings vans for all 15000 of us and we will climb into them calmly and peacefully and court arrest. We are ready for that. But they won’t accept that. From Kuthakuli 180 people have been arrested. About 48 among them are women. They have small children that they have left behind. Their cattle are standing unfed. They have taken these women put them in a dungeon and tortured them. This is wrong. What crime have they committed? They have simply performed their democratic right and duty to protest. This is not a struggle that began yesterday. It has been on for seven months. How come we don’t have the right to protest? People who have murdered ten people can roam free in this country. But here, our children don’t have milk. My heart breaks to think of the brutality of the government. We are unable to silence the cries of the hungry children. This is manifold of what has happened to the people in Sri Lanka. The world knows what is happening. What has happened to us should not happen to any people across the world. All we ask for is that you give milk for our children. We are asking that you arrest all 15000 of us. We will not allow for Udayakumar to be arrested alone. We are struggling peacefully. Tell us if we have harmed a single person. This is a fast unto death through peaceful means. Tell us if this is wrong. And all this for the nuclear plant that is so harmful for all of humanity. How is this fair? In a situation where women in labour have not been able to leave. We have kept her at home. What if something happens to that mother or child? Where will we go? All I am asking is- What have we done wrong? Why are we being tortured? We are in the midst of so much torture. They have blocked our village of completely. They have not let any journalists in. Every five minutes the security personnel come and intimidate us with guns and people run helter skelter. And they retreat and come back again. They are intimidating us. It breaks my heart to think that this is a democracy and that the Chief Minister is a woman. Many of us are on fast unto death. Nobody has come to our support. So I plead with you- the plant has not even been opened yet and already we are in this state. How are we going to live on this earth at this rate? I plead to with you to let the world know and this should not happen to anybody else. I plead with you. Thank you

news courtesy: R.r. Srinivasan via face book.



Koodankulam protesters solidarity movement starts relay fast in Chennai.

Koodankulam protesters solidarity movement starts relay fast in Chennai.
Venue: Thaayagam, MDMK office, Egmore, Chennai. Time: 9 a.m to 5 p.m

We request all democratic forces to join hands.

The struggle that has been on for decades against the koodankulam nuclear power plant has gained momentum in the last 7 months as a significant and co-ordinated people’s struggle. However the current turn of events have landed this extraordinary people’s movement into a critical juncture. Facing unjust slander by the central government on the antecedants of the leaders and their monetary status and demolishing the utterly unscientific proclamations of the Indian nuclear power scientist lobby the ordinary working masses, the fisher people of Koodankulam have stood by their resolve and continue till this moment even as guns are being pointed at their tiny coastal village from all directions possible. The Tamilnadu government whom the people of koodankulam trusted has let go of its promises and has announced the plant open just after the sankarankovil by election.

In this situation, thousands and thousands of police, para military and industrial security forces and rapid action forces have arrived upon the democratic and peaceful struggle of the people and have literally laid a siege making idinthakarai a forsaken island. This is not just illegal but its against the grains of democracy.

If the state thinks it can bend the will of a peaceful protest using its ugly hands of force we can’t just stand witness to this and there cannot be a greater injustice to keep quiet on the face of such state violence against its own people. In order to protest many groups and individuals have come together in the name of koodankulam protesters solidarity movement and have started a relay fast from today. On the first day of the fast women writers and activists took part in the fast.
The fast today was started solemnly and many leaders including mallai sathya of MDMK, Vanni arasu of Viduthalai siruthaigal katchi came to felicitate the fast. Many tamil writers, artists and activists took place and registered their emotional and political solidarity to the biggest struggle of our times.

Demands of the relay fast
1. The enormous police force gathered in koodankulam should be immediately withdrawn. Section 144 which has been clamped for almost a month is ill motivated to fizzle out a peaceful and democratic struggle and hence it has to be removed.

2. It is a shameful and heinous precedent if a government thinks it can resolve a struggle by stopping electriciry and drinking water to a village with thousands of people. Similarly food, medicines, hygiene facilities, and essential material like milk for the children should be restored to the community immediately.

3. The children of the protesters who are locked up in the siege on Idinthakarai have not been able to write their school final exams. This is a clear cut child rights violation. The children should be enabled to write their exams with due protection.

4. We request the Chief minister of Tamil nadu to hold a open minded dialogue with the protesting fisher people and resolve the issue of their threatened livelihoods.

5. The koodankulam people are struggling to safeguard their livelihoods, the life of their children and for the safety of tamilnadu. Even if one cannot accept thir demand they do not deserve to be threatened at gun point and we urge all democratic forces to raise their voices against this unjust violence that is being unleashed on a peaceful struggle.

The wage gap

இன்று பெல்ஜியத்தில், பெண்ணுக்கும் ஆணுக்கும் சமமான ஊதியம் வழங்கவேண்டிய அவசியத்தை முன்னிறுத்தி “சமவூதிய நாளாக” (EQUAL PAY DAY) பல தொழிற்சங்கங்கள் அறிவித்திருக்கின்றன….

மாசெஸ் அமைப்பின் துவக்க நிகழ்வு மற்றும் இமாமி விளம்பரத்திற்கு எதிரான பிரச்சாரம்

10.3.2012 – மாசெஸ் அமைப்பின் துவக்க நிகழ்வு மற்றும் இமாமி விளம்பரத்திற்கு எதிரான பிரச்ச்சாரம் ஏற்பாடு செய்யப்பட்டிருந்தது. இந்த நிகழ்ச்சியில் பெண் விடுதலை, பெண்ணியம் தொடர்பான பேச்சு, 20 நிமிட காட்சிப்படம், ஓவிய பட்டறை ஆகியவை இடம்பெற்றன. வெவ்வேறு அரசியல் நிலைப்பாடு, தத்துவார்த்த நிலைப்பாடு கொண்டவர்கள் கலந்து கொண்டு ஒரே மேடையில் பேசினார்கள். கருத்தியல் தளம், மனித உரிமை செயல்பாடு, அரசியல் களம், கல்வியியல் தளம் ஆகியவற்றில் இயங்குபவர்கள் கருத்துரையாற்றினர், இதன் மூலம் பெண் விடுதலை சிந்தனையின் பல்வகை பரிமாணங்களை அறிந்து கொள்ள முடிந்தது.

நிகழ்ச்சியில் உரையாற்றியவர்கள்:

தோழர். ப. சிவகாமி (நிறுவனர், சமூக சமத்துவப் படை கட்சி), பேரா. அ. மார்க்ஸ், பேரா. பத்மினி, பேரா. மோனிக, கோ. சுகுமாரன் (மக்கள் உரிமை கூட்டமைப்பு, புதுச்சேரி)

நிகழ்ச்சியில் ஓவியம் வரைந்தவர்கள்:

தோழர்கள் விஸ்வம், ராஜன், வசந்த், ஏழுமலை, ஆனந்த், கிரிஸ்டி, ரோஹினி மணி, விதார்த்தி, மோனிகா, திலிப், சூரஜ், யுகன். கிரன் துளசி என்பவரின் ’பாலுறுப்பு அடையாளம் அழித்த’ புகைப்படம் ஒன்றும் காட்சிக்கு வைக்கப்பட்டது.

மாலை 3 மணி அளவில் ஓவியர்கள் இக்சா மையத்திற்கு வந்து ஓவியங்களை வரையத் துவங்கினர். ஆணாதிக்க கருதூன்றியப் பார்வையிலிருந்து  (male gaze) பெண் உடலை மீட்டு ஒரு புதிய பொருள் கொடுக்கூடிய வகையில் ஓவியங்கள் இருக்க வேண்டும் என்று கோரிக்கை வைக்கப்பட்டது. அந்த வகையில் ஒவ்வொரு ஓவியமும் பெண்ணின் மறுபக்கத்தை பிரதிபலிக்கும் விதமாக அமைந்திருந்தது. 5.45 மணி அளவில் துவக்க நிகழ்வு தொடங்கியது. கொற்றவை வரவேற்புரையாற்றினார். மாசெஸ் அமைப்பின் செயல் திட்ட முன் வரைவை வெளிட்டு அமைப்பு துவக்கம் பற்றி அதிகார பூர்வ அறிவிப்பை வைக்குமாறு தோழர் ப. சிவகாமி அவர்களை கேட்டுக்கொண்டார் கொற்றவை. சிவகாமி அவர்கள் வெளியிட, பேரா. அ. மார்க்ஸ் அவர்கள் அதை பெற்றுக் கொண்டார். பின்பு பேரா. பத்மினி, பேரா. மோனிகா, கோ. சுகுமாரன் ஆகியோரிடம் செயல் திட்ட பிரதி கொடுக்கப்பட்டது.

கருத்துரை நிகழ்த்துவதற்கு முன் கொற்றவை தயார் செய்திருந்த 20 நிமிட காட்சிப்படம் ஒன்று திரையிடப்பட்டது.  இலக்கியம் தொடங்கி, இன்றைய விளம்பரங்கள், திரைப்பட பாடல்கள் ஆகியவற்றில் நிகழும் பெண் கதாபாத்திர சித்திரங்கள் ஆகியவை தொகுக்கப்பட்டிருந்தன. பெண் விடுதலை, மானுட விடுதலை குறித்து முன்னோடிகள் சொல்லியிருப்பது எனும் பகுதியில் பெரியார், அம்பேதகர் ஆகியோரின் பேச்சுக்கள், இவற்றோடு பெண் எழுத்தாளர்கள், உளவியலாளர்கள், புரட்சியாளர்கள் சிலரது குறிப்புகளும் இணைக்கப்பட்டிருந்தன. இந்த காட்சிப்படத்தின் ஊடாக ஒரு பெண்ணியவாதியாக எனக்குள் (கொற்றவை) நெடுநாள் நெருடிக்கொண்டிருந்த ஒரு கேள்வியும், அதன் இறுதில் கோரிக்கைகள் சிலவும் வைக்கப்பட்டன. உழைக்கும் உடல்களை போற்றும் வகையில் மெரினா கடற்கரையில் வைக்கபட்டிருக்கும் உழைப்பாளர் சிலையில் ஏன் ஒரு பெண் உழைப்பாளி கூட இடம்பெறவில்லை என்பதே அக்கேள்வி. பெண் உழைப்பாளர்களுக்கான சிலை வைக்கப்பட வேண்டும், அது பெண் மட்டுமல்லாமல் ஆணும் பெண்ணும் இனைந்து இருக்கும் சிலையாக இருக்க வேண்டும், மூன்றாம் பாலினத்தவருக்கு வேலை வாய்ப்பில்லை என்பதை வலியுறுத்தும் சிலையும் வைக்கப்படவேண்டும் என்ற கோரிக்கை வைக்கப்பட்டது.

அதேபோல் மார்க்சியம், பெரியாரியம், அம்பேத்கரியம் பேசப்படும் அளவுக்கு லுக்சம்பர்கிசம் ஏன் பேசப்படுவதில்லை – மார்ச் 5, 2012 சே குவேரா அளவுக்கு கொண்டாடப்படவேண்டிய ஒரு பெண் ஆளுமை பிறந்து 141 வருடங்கள் முடிவடைகிறது… அவர்தான் ரோசா லுக்சம்பர்க்.

ஆணாதிக்கம் இயற்கை மீது போர் தொடுப்பது போல் இயற்கையின் பிரதியான பெண்ணிடமும் போர் புரிந்தவாரிருக்கிறது, ஆங்காங்கே சில பெண்கள் சீறிக்கொண்டிருப்பது போய், ஒட்டுமொத்த பெண்ணினமும் பொங்கி எழும் காலம் வெகுதொலைவில் இல்லை எனும் முழக்கத்தோடு அந்த காட்சிப் படம் முடிந்தது.

அதைத் தொடர்ந்து:

முதலில் பேசிய பேரா. அ. மார்க்ஸ் அவர்கள் 90களில் நிறப்பிரிகை வெளிவந்து கொண்டிருந்த காலத்தில் பெண்ணியம், மாற்றுச் சிந்தனைகள், அரசியல் குறித்தெல்லாம் நிறைய விவாதங்கள் நடைபெற்றன. வெவ்வேறு அரசியல், கருத்து நிலைப்பாடு கொண்டிருந்தவர்களும் ஒரே மேடையில் கலந்து கொண்டு தங்களது கருத்துக்களை வெளிப்படுத்தினர். அதைத் தொடர்ந்து நிறைய உரையாடல்கள் நிகழும். புதிய சிந்தனைகளை அறிவதற்கான வாய்ப்பாக அது அமைந்தது. ஆனால் தற்போது அச்சூழல் குறைந்து வருகிறது என்று சொன்னார். மேலும் பெண் உடல், காமம் குறித்து  பெண்கள் எழுதும் போது எத்தகைய எதிர்ப்புகளைப் பெண்கள் சந்திக்க நேர்கிறது என்று சொல்லி, முத்துப்பழனி அவர்களின் நூல் மீது கொண்டுவரப்பட்ட தடை குறித்தும் பேசினார்.

அவரைத் தொடர்ந்து தோழர் ப. சிவகாமி அவர்கள் பேசினார். மூத்த அரசியல் செயல்பாட்டாளராக அரசியல் களத்தில் பெண்களின் பங்களிப்பு குறித்து அவர் பேசினார். கடந்த பத்தாண்டுகளில் பெண்கள் அரசியலில் பங்கு பெறுவதும், அவர்கள் தலைமையில் போராட்டங்கள் நடைபறுவதும் அதிகரித்திருக்கிறது என்றார்.  சுமார் ஒன்றரை லட்சம் பெண்களைத் திரட்டி மாநாடு நடத்தியதை குறிப்பிட்டார். படித்த மேல்தட்டுப் பெண்கள் பெண்ணியம், பெண் விடுதலை சிந்தனை என்பதை ‘பாலியல்’ என்ற வட்டத்திற்குள் மட்டும் சுருக்கி விடாமல், பெண்களை அரசியல் படுத்துவும், ஒடுக்கப்பட்ட சாதியினரின் போராட்டங்களில் கலந்து கொண்டு ஆதரவு தெரிவிக்கவும், அவர்களின் விடுதலைக்காக போராடவும் தயாராக இருக்க வேண்டும் என்றார். பெண் உடல் மீதான கருத்தாக்கங்களை மாற்றியமைப்பது என்பது அவசியம், அதற்கு ஆண்களிடத்தில் மாற்றம் கொண்டுவருவது எவ்வளவு முக்கியமோ அதேபோல் பெண்களின் மன நிலையைலும் மாற்றம் வரவேண்டும். பாலியல் சுரண்டல் குறித்து அதிக கோஷங்கள் எழுப்ப்பப்பட்டு வருகிறது. அதுவும் தேவைதான், அதற்கப்பால் பெண்களின் தேவை, உரிமைகளை சட்டபூர்வமாக பெருவதற்கு பெண்கள், பெண்ணியவாதிகள் ஒன்றிணைந்து செயல்படவேண்டும். உதாரணமாக பொது இடங்களில் ஆண்கள் தனியாக உலவுகின்றனர், ஆனால் ஒரு பெண் அப்படி தனியாக நிற்பதோ, சாலையை, சுற்ற வட்டாரத்தை வெறுமனே ரசிப்பதற்கோ சாத்தியமில்லை. அதேபோல் பெண்களின் பெயரில் பாட்டா கோருதல், நிலம் கோருதல், பெண்களுக்கென்று விளையாட்டுத் திடல் வேண்டும் என்று சட்ட ரீதியான கோரிக்கைகளை வைக்கலாம். உடல் ரீதியாக பெண்களைப் பலப்படுத்தும் முயற்சிகள் மேற்கொள்ள வேண்டும் என்றால். பெண்கள் இன்று அரசியல் வந்துவிட்டல் 33% என்ன 50% சதவிகிதம் கூட அவர்களால் கைப்பற்ற முடியும் என்றார்.

அதைத் தொடர்ந்து கொற்றவை பெண்கள் அரசியல் பங்கு பெருவதில் குடும்பம் எனும் அமைப்பு ஒத்துழைப்பதில்லை, குறிப்பாக உயிர் குறித்த அச்சம் ஆண்களையே அரசியல்களத்தில் தயக்கம் கொள்ளச் செய்கிறது, பெண்களுக்கு அதைவிட மிகுந்த அச்சறுத்தல்கள் இருக்கிறது. ஆனால் அதையும் தாண்டி பெண்கள் செயல்படவேண்டியது அவசியமாகிறது என்றதோடு, ஒடுக்கப்பட்ட சமூக மக்களின் பிரச்சனைகளை எடுத்துப் போராடும் அமைப்புகளோடு மாசெஸ் அமைப்பு சேர்ந்து பணியாற்றும் என்பதையும் தெரிவித்துக்கொண்டார்.

அதன் தொடர்ச்சியாக முனைவர் பத்மினி பேசினார். பெண்ணியக் கல்வியின் அவசியம் குறித்தும், அது பள்ளி பாடதிட்டத்திலேயே சேர்க்கப்படவேண்டும் என்பது குறித்தும் பேசுமாறு அவரைக் கேட்டிருந்தேன்.  இலக்கியம் தொடங்கி பெண் உடல் மீது என்ன வகையான பிம்பங்கள் ஏற்றி வைக்கப்பட்டிருக்கிறது, பெண் ஒடுக்குமுறையில் உற்பத்தி முறை, பொருளாதார முறை ஆகியவற்றின் தொடர்பு ஆகியவற்றை பேசியவர், அதிகார வர்க்கத்திற்கு எதிராக இருக்கக்கூடிய பெண்ணியக் கல்வியை அரசாங்கம் பாடதிட்டத்தில் சேர்க்கும் என்று நாம் எதிர்பார்க்க முடியாது, இருந்தாலும் முயல்வோம். அதைத் தாண்டி இதுபோன்ற முயற்சிகள் மூலம் பெண் உடல் மீதான பிம்பங்களை கலைக்கும் உரையாடல்களை நிகழ்த்தி பெண் எழுத்துக்கான புதிய மொழியை உருவாக்க வேண்டும் என்றார்.

அடுத்ததாக பேரா. மோனிகா பேசினார்.  பாலினம், பாலியல் ஆகியவற்றின் வேறுபாடுகளை சுட்டிக்காட்டியவர், பிம்பம் என்பது எவர் அதை உருவாக்குகிறாரோ அவரின் மனம்படியே இருக்கும் என்றார். அந்தவகையில் ஆணாதிக்கமானது ஒவ்வொருவரின் மனதில் பெண் என்பவள் பாலியல் பண்டம் எனும் பிம்பத்தையும், அவளுக்கான தன்மைகள், கடமைகள் யாவை என்றும் ஏற்றிவைத்திருக்கிறது. அதிகார வர்க்கத்தின் படைப்புகளை ஒவ்வொன்றாக எடுத்து அதை சுற்றி ஒரு உடையால் நிகழும் போது அந்த பிம்பங்கள் எப்படி தோற்றுவிக்கப்படுகின்றன என்பதை எடுத்துரைப்பது எளிதாகிறது என்றார். மேலும் அவர் மாசெஸ் அமைப்பு மூன்று மாதிதிற்கு ஒருமுறை வெளிவரக்கூடிய ஒரு சஞ்சிகையை கொண்டுவர முயலவேண்டும் என்று கூறினார்.

அடுத்ததாக தோழர். கோ. சுகுமாரன் அவர்கள் பேசினார். மனித உரிமை செயல்பாட்டாளரான இவர் காவல் நிலயத்தின் வன்புணர்வு கொடுமைக்கு உள்ளான பத்மினி மற்றும் இதர பெண்கள் வழக்கு விசாரனைகளின் போது எப்படி வேசி என்று முத்திரை குத்தப்படுகின்றனர் என்று சொன்னதோடு, அவ்வழக்குகள் எப்படி எதிர்கொள்ளப்பட்டது என்றும் பேசினார். அத்தோடு அ. மார்க்ஸ் சுட்டிக்காட்டிய இப்போதை உரையாடலுக்கு சாத்தியமற்ற சூழல் குறித்தும், அதனால் கருத்தியல் தளத்தின் பின்னடைவுகள் குறித்தும் பேசினார்.

கொற்றவை நன்றியுறையாற்றி நிகழ்ச்சியை முடித்தார்.

(அன்றைய நிகழ்ச்சியில் பேசுவதற்காக ஒரு நீண்ட உரையை தயார் செய்து வைத்திருந்தேன். நேரம் காரணமாக அதை பேச முடியவில்லை. வேறொரு தளத்தில் அது பதிவு செய்யப்படும்)

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Women and animals placed in the same ladder of oppression, and women and animals are raped via the male chauvinistic gaze. They still maintain the hierarchical ladder of men as greater than women, animals, nature and queer people. Hence the feminist liberation is not an isolated process; rather it involves the liberation of queer and animals.

Jacques John Joanne 

Okay…!!! We know well how the women are sexualized and objectified as sexual objects in the male chauvinistic advertisements. But there is a separate domain we have to analyze. The sexual objectification of animals and women and the combined representation of women and animals as the objects for eating and sexual gratification is the place where the custom of meat eating and oppression of women and third genders are linked.

Yes…Better than moving in a theoretical way let you glance through these pictures and once you have glimpsed to it in a different way, I bet you can observe how women and animals are objectified and pornographized.

Okay..!! Now I feel you can enter the discussion. As already the works of Carol.J.Adams had brought the connection that lies between the patriarchy and meat eating culture, through her books “sexual politics of meat” and “pornography of meat”, which covered the aspects of the veganism and oppression of women, this essay is an another effort to unify the patriarchal aspect of eating meat and sexual equation involved in this process.

Meat in our culture has several symbolic dimensions.  The psychoanalytic position of eating meat would be very much useful to find, how the sexuality is equated with eating meat.

It is often told that meat is the symbolic of the power and the meat eating people are associated with power, especially males. But do you think is there any logic behind this fact? Absolutely no..!!! Even the digestion process of meat is a very slow and complex process in humans. Our system is well suited for the uptake of the vegetarian foods, but still we have to note, there lays an ongoing debate on this fact.

Okay..!! So what does meat mean? And what does it represent sexually? As you had seen earlier from those pictures, “one which has to be eaten” is equated with seductive and sexy poses, which means “one which has to be sexed”. So, a chicken posing in a seductive way here has two dimensions of meanings. It is an animal and it is compared to women especially. Some of the pictures which depict the animals as men depict the power which males obtain from consuming a piece of meat. Still, that pictures are sexist, because it essentalize the bodies of men and women. A picture of male, one obtain from here represents a muscular male and it is connected that the muscles of the prey makeup the muscle of the men. So it is anti-queer basically. It again and again objectifies the body of men as muscular, and assigning them the term “male”, a perfect male, where the other males, whose body is not muscular, are treated as the sissy, girlish or feminine. So it has the hidden meaning of the transformation of a sissy to an ideal male of society. Many of people, who feel sissy feels that they has to make their physical body as like the ideal male body, and this transformation can make them “manly”, for which the concept of muscle building and meat are essentalized. So, here the advertisement is marked by its homophobic nature and constructing the hegemonious masculinity, which oppresses the queer people.

Okay..!! so what does the other dimension stands for? I mean the equation of the objects to be consumed with objects to be sexed. I could remember some lines from the cine songs, which could empirically relate you this concept.

“kozhi rusiyaa iruntha kozhiya vettu, kumari rusiyaa iruntha kumariya vettu”(“ if chicken is  tasty ate that, else if the young girl is tasty , taste her)

“saapida vaadaa, enna saapida vaadaa”(“ come and eat me man”)..

“sutta paal pola thekam thaandi unaku, athil paalaada konjam mattum velakku”(“hey girl your body is like milk, but the only exception is the layer of butter over it”)

So, these are some of the examples I can quote. Hope readers, can quote tones of descriptions like this. Okay..!!! So, why women are equated with animals? Why eating is equated with sex?

I could refer lacan here. Lacan was a prominent psychoanalyst whose work covered the aspect that the language is essentially phallic, characterized by the division between signifier and signified. But, what is the importance of that lacanian work here?

Yes, in each and every sacrifice the one who is sacrificed is an animal, which is a non-speaking subject. Any subject that is speaking is divided between the signifier-signified, but the animals as we know are not divided between the signifier-signified concepts, which mean they are apart from the human language. More concisely they are away from the language, the phallic function. What is non phallic is the one which is not phallic, which is women, who is assumed to be not divided between the signifier-signified. as animals are non speaking subjects, they are also viewed as non-phallic and the other non-phallic character, the women are found to be in the same plane for a male, who is the one who can be subjected to castration, simply the division between the signifier and signified which constitutes language. Hence the women and animals that are non-phallic, not essentially to be immersed in the sea of phallic is equated and they are compared. Hence unconscious representation of the oedipal wishes of incest is transformed to the plane of eating, where eating is equated with making sex, and hence the non-phallic objects are represented in an interchangeable manner. Simply that means a women becomes a symbol for animal and animal becomes a symbol for women.

But the question of the muscular construction is tied with the mythic father, who breaks incest and he is apart from the law of castration. Which means he can enjoy the incest, which is the core of the Oedipus complex theory of Sigmund Freud? So, what does this mean? In case of the totem meal, which represents the killing of this mythical father by the sons, because the father accounts for this Oedipus complex, by which he never allows the access to incest, the one which has to be sacrificed is selected as an non-speaking subject, which symbolically mean the one who is not divided between the signifier-signified, which is the mythical father. So, after the eating of the meal which is the symbolic of the mythical father, the subjects feels a power that has gained, which means the power against the castration threat. This is meaning of “power“what we frequently hear when a person eats meat, especially a male.


Hence meat eating is a symbol of patriarchy, and the modern advertisements which cover this aspect are again reproducing the structures of the patriarchal culture. Women are looked as animals, reduced to animals, and those aspects maintain the difference of the animals as something “other”, which must be governed and controlled by the man, the phallus and breaking of patriarchy is hence associated with the abolition of meat eating practice.


Moreover this is the aspect that maintains the replication of the structure of speceisism , which want to maintain a hierarchical ladder of men, women, animals and nature. The concept is essentially anti-queer, and the system called the “natural” and “anti-natural” arises from this concept. What is natural is nothing but the nature as defined by the concept of the patriarchal dominant class, which in this era rationalizes the control of animals and nature, destruction of nature, and oppression of women and maintain the role of women as the reproductive buckets , commercially abuses women, animals, people of color, queer people based on the concept of the natural/anti-natural.

Women and animals placed in the same ladder of oppression, and women and animals are raped via the male chauvinistic gaze. They still maintain the hierarchical ladder of men as greater than women, animals, nature and queer people. Hence the feminist liberation is not an isolated process; rather it involves the liberation of queer and animals.


  1. http://web.missouri.edu/~stonej/formulas7.html
  2. http://www.becomingabetterwoman.com/2011/01/objectifying-women-in-media.html
  3. http://genderviolence.tumblr.com/page/2
  4. http://www.foundshit.com/category/ads/page/11/
  5. http://acooboo.com/2010/08/31/big-budgets-and-free-hands-does-that-make-alcohol-ads-so-different/
  6. http://leaflette.org/2011/06/food-drink-funny-advertising/
  7. http://www.triroc.com/xcj/images/slideshow.gif

An emergency letter to parents who produce Slaves of Economy: – Kotravai

Do you think that to be rich and fame is the only purpose of Life? Do you force yourself and your Children towards that purpose, and then this letter is for you.

Ironically, the greed to attain Fame in your minds acts as branding your Children through Reality Shows in Television Channels or become famous through Media.  Your Children are becoming the victims of your ruthless greed.  Yes your greed to identify yourself as a parent of a much talented-famous child, your greed to swank about your efforts in producing a famous child through the Glamour Media is to be considered as the only reason in you indulging in such Child exploitation.  This act of yours is no less than Child Labor and could also be treated as Humans who are insensitive to Child Molestation.  To be precise, this act of branding through Media implies your desire to become famous and rich through your Children in a short period of time.

          Your Children are not your Children

          They come through you but not from you

         And though they are with you, yet they belong not to you

        You may give them your love but not your thoughts, for they    

         have their own thoughts

        You may strive to be like them, but seek not to make them like      


Wrote Khalil Gibran in his book ‘The Prophet’.  The need of this hour is to paraphrase those words.

The World of Children is not about their future, but it is about being a child at the present.  Your dreams cannot be thrust upon them as their future.  The act of forcing or training them to score high marks, become first in everything, be multifaceted and attain fame results in production of Capitalist Machines than a fellow Human being.

The day is not farther, when you may have to bow your heads in shame when they question you of this exploitation of their innocent priceless Childhood. Sowing your greed as raising the foundation for your Children’s future is only a disputation against your own conscience.

In recent times, most parents are indulging in full-fledged vision to make their Children a popular person.  Thus it is to be noted that you are producing Slaves of ‘Capitalist-Economy’.  We could arrive at this conclusion because you only seem to expose them to everything by which they can easily earn fame, prosperity and money.  Why is it so? The point to be noted here is that these directions to which they are exposed are accessible only to the upper and Rich Class.  Today, every street corner threatens us with the need for improving a Child’s intelligence and skills to become tomorrows Capitalists.  This is done by today’s Capitalists encouraged by greedy parents.  This has resulted in multiple after School activities for Children.  Have you ever observed that even Machines have ‘load-capacity’ guidelines?  Do your Children have one?

If those brain development training is of absolute Value, shouldn’t that be reachable and affordable to all class of Children? In that case the Education Department may take steps to include that in the Curriculum.  My dear Parents, who dedicatedly think and worry about the results of the television Programs please take time to think about the ‘Childhood-betrayal’ you do to your beloved Children.

Capitalists need Media to advertise and create a demand for their products.  And a Media can win in this race by showing high T.R.P (Television Rating Point).  Thus they constantly create Programs / Concepts to fool the Public and bind them to their Channel Programs.  Reality shows and talk shows are the best tool for attracting the viewers and to increase their T.R.P. Parents and Participants fall a prey to these Glamorous strategies, because of greed to become a popular face.  Its recent target is Women and Children.

The Children who are brought up with extreme exposure to the Globalized Capitalists Lifestyle by knowing pizzas and pastas may not have tolerance to the Children of the lower economic class, marginalized community Children and the Children studying at Corporation Schools.   Your Children are exposed to top brands and Malls in the name of providing the best of everything.  Again the irony is that these are the Children of the future who leave their Parents in Senior Citizen homes running to foreign Countries to gain more and more Money.  This is the achievement of the Globalized-Metro Cities.  You bring them up as ATM Machines for your future by shelling out the Capitalist Money today and by exploiting their Childhood innocence and they grow up as ATM machines lending their services to the Capitalists Society, insensitive to the Lower Economic Class struggles.

On the other hand the Children of the villages and lower economic classes learn to suppress their desires considering the economy of their parents and value of their Parents who bring them up with hard earned money. Choice is yours Parents, either to loose them to the Greed of the Capitalists Tactics or loose your Greed.

A few questions to those Fame Chasing Parents who consider talent as only Singing and Dancing:

When you train your Children to sing and dance those Double Meaning Vulgar film Songs with suitable expressions do you also teach them the meaning of those erotic lyrics?

  1. What kind of ideologies will develop in the minds of the Children who learn these anti-gender songs against the opposite sex? What kind of Sexual Discrimination will these Children develop towards their opposite sex? What effect will it have on society?
  2. What is the outcome of Life that your Children will attain because of this fame? Can you explain your satisfactory goals in it? How beneficial is it to the society?
  3. Today the Children sing those Bedroom Numbers on Stage for Competition and Fame; will you courageously replay these expressions once they become adult?
  4. If so what would be the emotional experience that your son or daughter would go through?
  5. Will you allow your Children to emote and sing those Item Songs on the road also? If so do you expect some tribulations? How would you train your daughter to manage the attacks from the opposite sex?
  6. When you allow your daughter to wear those glamorous dresses for stage purpose and dance, will you all them to where the same kind of dress in public also? If not how will you face your Child? If yes what kind of responsibility will you take in seducing the opposite sex?
  7. Apart from being Rich and Fame, Knowing Good and Bad there are things that should be avoided in a society like ours where there is so much of Social, Cultural and Financial Discrimination and where the Capitalists use these discriminations to Divide, Manipulate and Rule. Are you aware of them?
  8. What kind of compensation will you lend to your Child who goes through mental trauma because of being forced to become famous and the mental trauma you cause to other Children and Parents who do not get such opportunity because of the Socio-Economic Reasons?

10. How do you feel when you read news about Child-Rape? Have you ever thought of the Social-Cultural dogmas and the conflicting factors that contribute to such brutal activities?

11. What kind of efforts and struggles has these film Personalities and Media that you worship have contributed for the upliftment of Children, Women and the Marginalized Communities?

12. Finally are they your Children or are they your Slaves?

They are our Children, Pillars of the Future. Let us Discuss my Friends….

(This article was written on my blog on Dec 20, 2010 – Tamil version is available in http://saavinudhadugal.blogspot.in/2010/12/blog-post_07.html)